5. Open Education


Innovating Education: Interview with Richard Culatta, US Dept. of Education (notes)



  1. Open courseware: Usually created by universities and made available for public. Universities can make money by giving degrees. If people access these courses they become more interested in enrolling. These programs are targeted at college and high school students.
  2. Educational Resources: Freely available content (images, videos, activities) for teachers to build their own courses ('free lego land').
  3. Licensing:
    • Creative Commons: created by individuals who do not want to put copyright on their art work (images, videos, lesson plans) but would like to get credits.
    • Public Domain: Free to use by public without limits, such as books, music written hundred years ago, everything created by Gov on tax payers money. (Smithsonian, National Archive, NASA)
Affordances:
  • Easy and free access to courses and professors from top universities across the globe. Students who cannot afford coming to the US to study can substitute or augment their local studies.
  • Educational and Cultural Affairs can incorporate these OERs to foster mutual understanding via educational and cultural exchanges. One goal is to provide educational advice to foreign students interested in studying in the US: process of application, identifying the right institute, financial assistance. These resources can help them in deciding which university to choose while being exposed to the English language in authentic settings. Embassy websites can incorporate language resources and curate a list of OERs. For making OER content accessible you can approach those who create the content. Though they do not get money but they can get more visibility.
  • Curate OER lists useful for students abroad. ACCESS scholarship, and language teacher training programs could benefit from such resources. Currently webinars are available for teacher certification. Be the broker of the OERs, it is a lot and can be overwhelming.
  • UNESCO, OECD embracing OER to engage in each other’s culture and build bridges of mutual understanding.